Adaptability is Key

The Jackal

Adaptible and clever


Adaptability is Key

The Jackal

Adaptible and clever

Clever, adaptable, and unassuming, jackals embody the spirit of wild beauty in Namibia, teaching us the art of resilience and adaptability.

These medium-sized wild canines, resembling foxes, are exceptionally adaptable, both in terms of their ability to thrive in various habitats and their dietary preferences. They often display remarkable ingenuity in problem-solving. Jackals are widely distributed, inhabiting savannas, grasslands, coastal regions, forests, and even deserts. They are the most adaptable and widespread carnivores in Africa.


Canis mesomelas

The Black-backed Jackal

The black-backed jackal is one of the smaller wild canines of the Lupulella genus. Its name derives from the dark fur coloring on its back, with the characteristic "saddle patch" appearing in juveniles after about six months. Black-backed jackals live in family groups and prefer open grasslands as their habitat.


Profile: Black-backed Jackal

  • Shoulder Height: ♂ 38 cm ♀ 36 cm
  • Weight: ♂ 8.3 kg ♀ 7.2 kg
  • Diet: Rodents like hares, small mammals, as well as impalas, springboks, or young zebras and gnus, birds and their eggs, coastal areas also include seals, reptiles, insects, berries, and carrion
  • Mating: May to July
  • Gestation Period: 2 months
  • Birth: August to October
  • Lifespan: Up to 8 years


The Savanna's Cunning Fox

Guide knowledge: Black-backed Jackal

Depending on their distribution, jackals exhibit specific behavioral patterns and dietary preferences. In some regions, they follow lion prides in search of leftovers. They are adept at waiting for antelope births to prey on newborns and afterbirths. Often, jackals become synanthropic, seeking human settlements to scavenge through garbage bins or prey on lambs and young goats.

Jackals at KAMBAKU

KAMBAKU is home to many jackals. Primarily nocturnal, they are the most common scavengers in the Kambaku Wildlife Reserve. On many evenings, the echoing howls of these communicative creatures can be heard across KAMBAKU.